|HOW DID IT GROW|
The Chronology of Railway Development in Eastern India.
: Construction of EIR experimental line from Howrah to Rajmahal begins.
: The "experimental" line extended upto Raneegunje- 122 miles.
: Azimganj connected to Burdwan.
|1857 : East Bengal Railway (EBR) was formed to lay a track along the east bank of the Ganga to Kushthia and then across the river to Dhaka, but opened a single line from Calcutta to Ranaghat in September 1862 which was extended to Kusthia two months later|
1860 : Sahibganj loop line from Panduah to Rajmahal.
: (a) The Jamalpur Locomotive workshop
(d) EIR extended upto the west bank of Yamuna on its way to Delhi.
(e) A New company named Indian Branch Railway Company formed to build and operate small branch lines .
1863 : Nalhati - Azimganj -4 feet gauge line built by Indian Branch Railway Co.
: In a bid to connect Calcutta and Delhi trains started running between the two
cities without any bridge on Yamuna by
1865 : The Yamuna Bridge at Allahabad opened.
1867 : EIR branch line extended from Allahabad to Jubbalpore.
1871 : The "main line" on the Calcutta - Delhi route completed. Total EIR track 1350 miles much ahead of other competitors.
: EIR taken over by state. (Construction and operation
handed over to the company.)
1887 : The Bengal Nagpur Railway extended services to Asansol
1892 : Assam Bengal Railway formed.
1894 : BPR( Bengal Provincial Railway) between Tarakeswar to Magra (2 ft. gauge) started on 7th. November.
1899 : Jamalpur Workshops started producing steam locomotives.
1900 : Upper Sone bridge built -The longest in India - 10,052 feet.
1901 : EIR's Grand Chord section completed. linking Sitarampur and Mughalsarai via Gaya.
1905 : The Prince of Wales visits India . EIR built special luxury coaches equaling those built in Europe for the prince.
Howrah Terminus built. Construction was started in 1901.
1915 : Burdwan Katwa line opened on 1st. December.
1916 : BDR( Bankura Damodar Railway) - 2ft. 6 inches gauge , between Bankura and Rainagar Started on 15th. December.
1917 : Ahmadpur-Katwa line(MG) was opened on 29th. September.
1917 : Howrah Burdwan chord line opened.
: The Lakshmikantapur line on Sealdah south opened .
: The Jamalpur Workshops along with entire railway colony was destroyed by an
earth-quake on 15th. January 1935. It took
1947 : India is partitioned. Bengal Assam Railway goes to East Pakistan including the workshop at Saidpur.
1950 : The Chittaranjan Locomotive Works set up.
: Eastern Railway formed with BNR and Lower portion of EIR up
to Mughalsarai. The upper portion of EIR and few other
1953 : Howrah- Burdwan section electrification starts.
1955 : ER splitted. BNR portion is carved out to form SER.
: Martin's Light Railway between Barasat-Basirhat and McLeod's Light railways
between Kalighat-Falta closed.
1957 : Burdwan-Mughalsarai section via Grand Chord electrification started. (25Kv Traction).
1958 : Howrah-Burdwan Main Line section and Sheoraphuli-Tarakeswar branch electrified.
1963 : Sealdah- Ranaghat section electrified.
: Howrah New Delhi Rajdhani Express started in March. at 120 Kmph with
"technical" halts ( not stoppage) at
1971 : Howrah-Amta and Howrah- Shiakhala lines of Martin's Railway - 2ft. gauge, closed.(established between 1897-1898)
1984 : The Circular Railway in Calcutta inaugurated between Dum Dum and Prinsep Ghat.
1986 : Fatuha-Islampur Martin's Light Railway closed.
2006 : Kolkata's new passenger terminal "KOLKATA", inaugurated at Chitpur in Sealdah division