Freight Sheds and Marshalling Yards


See also the article on marshalling yard operations.

Goods Sheds

Q. Where are the important goods sheds and transshipment points of IR?

Here are the goods sheds attached to major centres:

  • Agra: Raja-ki-Mandi
  • Ahmedabad: Sabarmati
  • Bombay (Mumbai): Carnac Bunder, Wadi Bunder, New Mulund, with additional freight yards at Bandra, Sion, Vashi, Kalyan, Borivli, Wadala / Raoli Junction; Wadala and Trombay have oil sidings. Turbhe in New Bombay (Navi Mumbai) deals with some parcel freight traffic.
  • Asarva (?)
  • Calcutta: Shalimar
  • Delhi: Shakurbasti and Sabzi Mandi; container depots at Pragati Maidan and Tughlakabad
  • Hyderabad: Secunderabad, Sanatnagar
  • Jaipur: Durgapura
  • Madras (Chennai): Royapuram, Salt Cotaurs
  • Bangalore: Whitefield, Yeshvanthpur
  • Nagpur: Ajni (has CONCOR depot sidings)
  • Khapri (CR): Oil rake yards
  • Borkhedi (CR): Oil rake yards
  • Pathankot: Chakki Bank (much military freight)
  • Pune (Poona): Gadital; additional yards at Hadpsar and Chinchwad; oil sidings at Loni Kalbhor; container depot at Chinchwad; military sidings at Khadki and Dehu Road
  • Guwahati: Amingaon
  • Khapri: Rail transhipment terminal
  • As usual, further information is welcome...

Additionally, there are large marshalling yards at Daund, Mughalsarai, Itarsi, Jabalpur, Tondiarpet (Chennai), Wadala (Mumbai). Some of these see a large amount of freight traffic. Also see the list of CONCOR terminals below. There was a huge MG freight marshalling yard at Tambaram for Chennai, but that has since closed. See also the list of closed marshalling yards.

CONCOR Terminals

Q. What are CONCOR depots and where are they located?

CONCOR (Container Corporation of India) operates several container depots throughout the country. As of [1/00] there were 31 Inland Container Depots (ICDs) with facilities for international freight and connected to ports. These are classified based on whether or not they have a Container Freight Station (CFS), and whether they are equipped to handle port freight. A CFS facility allows freight to be loaded / unloaded to or from containers, and aggregated or distributed; at an ICD without a CFS, containers can only be routed to different destinations without being opened and loaded or unloaded.

There are 9 depots with facilities only for domestic freight, known as Domestic Container Terminals (DCTs). Some of the depots are purely road-fed (Pithampur in Indore, Mulund in Mumbai, Milavittan in Tuticorin, Babarpur in Panipat, and Malanpur in Gwalior), but the rest are connected to IR's rail network. Some 35-40 rail corridors on IR have been identified for fast containerized goods services (CONTRACK).

Some of CONCOR's container depots are listed below (this is not a comprehensive list!):

  • Inland Container Depots with CFS (Container Freight Stations)
    • Tughlakabad (New Delhi)
    • Whitefield (Bangalore)
    • Sanatnagar (Hyderabad)
    • Coimbatore
    • Nagpur
    • New Mulund (Mumbai)
    • Mulund (Mumbai)
    • Belaganj (Agra)
    • Tondiarpet (Chennai)
    • Amingaon (Guwahati)
    • Anaparthi
    • Guntur
    • Chirala
    • Moradabad (at site of former steam shed)
    • Sabarmati (Ahmedabad)
    • Madurai
    • Pithampur (Indore)
    • Malivitan (Tuticorin)
    • Baburpur (Panipat)
    • Daulatabad (Aurangabad)
    • Malanpur (Gwalior)
    • Mandideep (Bhopal)
    • Mirzapur (UP) [2006]
    • Sonepat (Haryana) [2006]
    • Dhapad (Punjab) [2006]
  • Inland Container Depots without CFS (Container Freight Stations)
    • Dhandarikalan (Ludhiana)
    • Wadi Bunder (Mumbai)
    • Chinchwad (Pune)
    • Cochin
    • Cossipore (Calcutta)
    • Surat SEZ
  • Port-side Container Terminals
    • Madras Harbour
    • Kakinada
    • Kandla
    • Cossipore Road (Calcutta)
    • Haldia (Calcutta)
    • Shalimar (Calcutta).
  • Domestic Container Terminals
    • Tughlakabad (New Delhi)
    • Dhandarikalan (Ludhiana)
    • Whitefield (Bangalore)
    • Salem Market
    • Tondiarpet (Chennai)
    • Cossipore Road (Calcutta)
    • Shalimar (Calcutta)
    • Kankaria (Ahmedabad)
    • Wadi Bunder (Mumbai)
    • Fathua (Patna) [1/03]
  • Proposed container terminals... [2/02]
    • Balasore
    • Bhusawal
    • Raipur
    • Vadodara
    • Kanpur
    • Jamshedpur
    • Jaipur
    • Jodhpur
    • Rajkot
    • Turbhe (Mumbai)
    • Miraj
    • Dadri
    • Ankleshwar
    • Shalimar / Kolkata (proposed additional ICD)
    • New Delhi (additional terminal)
    • Arakkonam (under construction)
    • Pondicherry (under construction)
    • Tatanagar (under construction)
  • Proposed container terminals... [5/05]
    • Varanasi
    • Vishakhapatnam
    • Khodiyar (extension of Sabarmati ICD)

Recently [4/10] an International Container Traffic Terminal (ICTT) has been opened at Vallarpadam near Kochi.

Marshalling Yards

Q. Where are the important marshalling and stabling yards?

Most of the bigger stations that are junctions or termini for various routes have large yards for stabling and marshalling rakes. E.g., Chennai Central homes rakes for many trains originating from there. Pune has a fairly large yard, as does Ernakulam. The Juhi marshalling yard is pretty big as well.

Mughalsarai is the biggest marshalling yard in Asia, capable of handling over 6,000 wagons a day. It may also be the biggest marshalling yard in the world; it appears [need confirmation] that the only one bigger was the one at Ulm, Germany, which was destroyed in Allied bombings in the second world war.

A (partial) list of marshalling or classification yards follows [12/01]. Those marked with '?' are based on uncertain information. Numbers indicate the numbers of tracks available for classification operations. 'Flat' indicates a classification yard known to be flat (not a hump yard). Marshalling / classification yards (especially hump yards) for freight wagons have been in decline since the 1980s with the increasing tendency to use block rakes for goods. (See below for a list of closed yards.)

  • Ambala Cantt.?
  • Andal (mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Bardhaman (flat)
  • Bayappanahalli
  • Bhilai (mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Bhusawal (16+14)
  • Bokaro Steel City (40, may have retarders?)
  • Bondamunda (27, mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Chitpur (flat)
  • Cuttack?
  • Dankuni (flat)
  • Daund
  • Erode?
  • Ghorpadi (flat; hump closed)
  • Hirarpur?
  • Itarsi?
  • Jamshedpur (mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Jasai (near Uran; flat; for petroleum tankers)
  • Juhi (18)
  • Kalyan? (for Mumbai)
  • Kurla (for Mumbai)
  • Mangalore?
  • Marippalam? (for Vishakhapatnam).
  • Maula Ali? (BG)
  • Mughalsarai (48+37, mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Naihati (18) (flat; hump yard closed)
  • New Katni Jn.
  • Nimpura (mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Pune
  • Ratlam?
  • Sanatnagar (for Secunderabad)
  • Shalimar
  • Surat?
  • Tikiapara
  • Tondiarpet Dn (hump)
  • Tughlakabad (mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Vijayawada (mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Wadala (for Mumbai)
  • Wadi
  • Waltair (Vishakhapatnam)

ER's Dhanbad and Asansol divisions' coal yards have small hump yards, (Pathardih, Kusunda, Kathrasgarh, Sitarampur, etc.), which are becoming obsolete as coal (as is the case with other freight) now moves increasingly in block rakes.

For information on hump yards worldwide including Indian yards, check the Yahoo Group on Hump Yards. There are several satellite photographs of hump yards available in the links section of that group.

Q. Have any marshalling yards been closed down?

Yes, many marshalling yards have been closed over the years, especially since the 1980s, with the move towards using block rakes that do not need to be broken up and re-classified all the time. A list of closed yards is given below.

Central Railway

  • Amla (BG)
  • Agra Cantt (BG)
  • Wardha (BG)
  • Nishatpura (BG)
  • Balharshah (BG)
  • Bina (BG)
  • Jabalpur (BG)

Eastern Railway

  • Kiul (BG)
  • Gomoh Dn (BG)
  • Barwardih (BG)
  • Barkakana (BG)
  • Naihati Hump (BG)
  • Jha Jha Hump (BG)
  • Danapur Up (BG)
  • Garhara Hump (BG)
  • Burdwan Dn (BG)
  • Malda Town (BG)
  • Sahibganj (BG)
  • Rampur Hat (BG)
  • Howrah Goods (BG)
  • Asansol East Hump (BG)
  • Mughalsarai Up (BG)
  • Garhara (Transhipment and sorting) (BG)

Northern Railway

  • Prayag Ghat (BG)
  • Jammu Tawi (BG)
  • Chakki Bank (BG)
  • Rewari (MG)
  • Ratangarh (MG)
  • Churu (MG)
  • Sadulpur (MG)
  • Sirsa (MG)
  • Hanuman Garh (MG)
  • Bhagat Ki Kothi (MG)
  • Shakurbasti (MG)
  • Khan Alampura (BG)
  • Kanpur (GMC) (BG)
  • Bhatinda (BG)
  • Lucknow (BG)
  • Firozepur (BG)
  • Moradabad (BG)
  • Allahabad (BG)
  • Tundla (BG)
  • Chheoki (BG)
  • Jaunpur (BG)
  • Faizabad (BG)
  • Varanasi (BG)
  • Bareilly (BG)
  • Laksar (BG)
  • Roza (BG)
  • Shakurbasti (BG)
  • Ghaziabad (BG)
  • Jakhal (BG)
  • Ludhiana (BG)
  • Jallandhar City (BG)
  • Amritsar (BG)
  • Merta Road (MG)

North Eastern Railway

  • Manduadih (MG)
  • Chupra Key (MG)
  • Kasganj (MG)
  • Kanpur Anwarganj (MG)
  • Mailani (MG)
  • Aishbag (MG)
  • Nakha Jungle (MG)
  • Samastipur (MG)
  • Saharsa (MG)
  • Darbhanga (MG)
  • Garahara (MG)

Northeast Frontier Railway

  • Siliguri (MG)

Southern Railway

  • Tondiarpet Up Hump (BG)
  • Virudunagar Flat (MG)
  • Jolarpettai (BG, mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Baiyyappanahalli (MG)
  • Yesvantpur (MG)
  • Tambaram Flat (MG)

South Central Railway

  • Vijayawada (BG, mechanized hump yard with retarders)
  • Kazipet (BG)
  • Guntakal (MG)
  • Maula Ali (MG)

South Eastern Railway

  • Bilaspur (BG)

Western Railway

  • Vadodara (BG)
  • Bandra (BG)
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